Multiplication Arrays Lesson Plan (FREE PRINTABLE)

Multiplication Arrays Lesson Plan (FREE PRINTABLE)

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This neat and clean multiplication arrays lesson plan with free printable is a nifty way to provide a visual to back up standard multiplication instruction. Long gone are the days of using rote methods to remember your “times tables.” Even though I had a blast racing my classmates to the chalkboard to fill in the answers, it just doesn’t work with today’s kids, who generally respond better to visual aids.


  • Laminated Arrays Template (see free printable below)
  • Dry Erase Markers
  • Standard Dice

Lesson Description

You will explain to the student that this lesson covers multiplication tables from 0-10 using arrays. They will also be introduced to the “commutative property of multiplication.”

What are arrays? Arrays are a visual representation of two numbers being multiplied. Each number is represented by a column or a row. So 2 x 4 is represented by four columns and two rows:

The total number of dots in the visual will be the answer. The student can count the dots to acquire the correct answer.

What is the commutative property of multiplication? The concept behind this property is that, in any multiplication problem, the numbers can be swapped, and the answer will still be the same:

Lesson Steps

After introducing the multiplication arrays lesson plan, you will model how to complete a single problem. You start by rolling the dice. The first number goes in the first blank. You roll dice the again and write the second number in the second space. Now you have your first problem. Using the prior example, you could have 2 x 4 = ____. Next, the student will write it in the commutative form; 4 x 2 = ____.

Next, you will make an array in the appropriate space on the printable worksheet.  Simply use the dry erase marker to make a 4 x 2 table of dots (see above). Model how to count each dot to find the correct answer. Once you have finished counting, record the correct answer in both blanks. Done!

After modeling, it is helpful to guide the student through their first problem before having them work solo. This is called the gradual release model, or the “I do, We do, You do” concept. It’s really a simple concept. You model, then help them, then they work solo. Their ability to complete several problems alone is a form of assessment, which proves they have acquired the knowledge.

The student should then be able to complete the entire worksheet on their own, with a little supervision by the parent/teacher. Once complete, you should review the entire page to make sure there aren’t any errors.

multiplication arrays

This multiplication arrays lesson plan and free printable are useful and fun! Students love when you give them the chance to use dry erase markers, and most will immediately respond to the visual aspect. This plan can also be adjusted for use with younger students in Kindergarten or 1st grade. Simply replace the multiplication sign with an addition sign and follow the same steps. The arrays that they produce will always add up to the appropriate answer, and will hopefully help them to have their 0 – 10 addition problems memorized.


Download your free Roll array game below. Print and laminate to get the most use out of them!

For more amazing lessons, check out more in our Standards Based Homeschool Elementary Lessons post.

For another great visual lesson, see our post called Spider-man Alphabet Cards (FREE PRINTABLE). 

This lesson is aligned with Florida State Standard: MAFS.2.OA.3.4

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